A Commentary on Thucydides, Volume 1: Books I - III
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This is the first volume of a two-volume historical and literary commentary on the eight books of Thucydides, the great fifth-century B.C. historian of the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. Exploring both the historical and literary aspects of the work, this commentary provides translations of every passage or phrase of Greek commented on and allows readers with little knowledge of the language to appreciate the detail of Thucydides' work. Making accessible the detail of Thucydides' thought and subject matter, this is the first complete commentary written by a single author this century.
many divisions has the Pope?’. See on all this S. Hornblower, H SCP 1992. K ai au B is ucrT€pov A 8 r| vaio i d-iroxwpTlcrdvTwv a u r u v : ‘but immediately after they had they retired the Athenians again . . . ’. The implication of this—a fairly rapid sequence—is not quite consistent with FGrH ist 328 Philochoros F 34b which says that the Athenians restored Delphi to the Phokians ‘in the third year’, e'ret. Jacoby emends this to ‘in the third month’, /xr/vt, but I have misgivings about this:
has lost sight of Argos since the alliance with Athens of 102. 4 (he never tells us in Book i about her separate Thirty Years Peace with Sparta in 451, for which see v. 14. 4), omits to say that by a clause of the Peace described in the present passage, Argos could enter into friendly relations with Athens if she wished: Paus. v. 23. 4. See R. A. Tomlinson, Argos and the Argolid (London, 1972), 116 . For Argive neutrality in 431 see below, ii. 9. 2. The four specified territorial concessions,
Athens and Sparta. Hdt.’s claim that women went over from Doric to Ionic dress is problematic but need not concern us. XpuCTuv TCTTiywv: ‘golden fastenings in the form of grasshoppers’. These golden grasshopper brooches were symbols of ‘autochthony’ (on which notion see above, 2. 5n.). For the explanation of this, see M. Davies and J. Kathirithamby, Greek Insects (London, 1986), i24ff. (Cicada larvae are buried beneath the ground, from which they emerge. They are thus ‘earth-born’, yrjyeveis, as
extraordinary warships’ really worked. See 42 The Archaic Period i- ! 3- 3 Morrison and Coates, The Athenian Trireme. One long dispute has been settled: the trireme was powered by men pulling three superimposed banks of oars; the ‘three’ implied by the word 'trireme’ (Latin ‘triremis’; Greek Tpnrjprjs) does not mean that three men pulled each oar, as stated in OCD2, entry under ‘trireme’ (Chester Starr). Who built the first trireme, and when, are controversial questions. If Th. here means to
in the manner of Prodikos, from whom allegedly Th. derived the technique, Marcellinus, Life o f Thucydides, para. 36. Archidamos retorts to the word KaTrjyopCa at 84. 2. 70. 1. w p os o io u s U|xlv A 0 r| va io u s ovT as: ‘what sort of people these Athenians are’. What follows is, in its way, as glowing a tribute as anything which Th. puts into the mouth of an Athenian speaker and is more effective coming from an enemy. Th.’s speeches (see Thucydides, ch. 3 and elsewhere) cannot be used as a