A Companion to the Classical Greek World
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This Companion provides scholarly yet accessible new interpretations of Greek history of the Classical period, from the aftermath of the Persian Wars in 478 B.C. to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.
- Topics covered range from the political and institutional structures of Greek society, to literature, art, economics, society, warfare, geography and the environment
- Discusses the problems of interpreting the various sources for the period
- Guides the reader towards a broadly-based understanding of the history of the Classical Age
Demosthenes’ claim (20.32–3) that Leukon provided Athens with 400,000 medimnoi of grain per year, or half its annual imports, or Strabon’s (7.4.6) that he made the city a one-time gift of 2,100,000 medimnoi of grain, are controversial, it is clear that Leukon and his successors grew rich on the revenues generated by the grain trade. Archaeological evidence of the growth of the trade and the extent of the wealth it generated is provided by the expansion of agricultural settlements, particularly in
Eirene: Untersuchungen zu den Befriedungs-und Stabilisierungsbemu¨hungen in der griechischen Poliswelt des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (Stuttgart: Steiner) Jones, N. F. (1987) Public organization in ancient Greece: a documentary study (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society) Kallet, L. (1998) ‘Accounting for culture in fifth-century Athens’ in: Boedeker & Raaflaub 1998: 43–58 Knox, B. M. W. (1993) The oldest dead white European males and other reflections on the classics (New York: Norton)
Sparta: at last it looked as though Athens could be defeated at sea, and that made a deal with Persia, the only realistic source of the necessary funds, a viable proposition. Hitherto, negotiations had made no progress: one embassy was intercepted early in the war en route to Persia (Thuc. 2.67), as five years later was a Persian envoy to Sparta, who bore dispatches in which the Persian king complained of Spartan vagueness and inconsistency and invited them to make some concrete proposals (Thuc.
Aiane, near Kozani, from the sixth century at least (Karamitrou-Mentessidi 1993; Ginouve`s 1994: 29–32). In the prefecture of Voı¨on, which corresponds broadly to the ancient districts of south Orestis and part of Elimeia, thirty-five towns and villages have been identified by systematic survey work, nineteen of which are in the vicinity of Voı¨on itself (Karamitrou-Mentessidi 1999). These discoveries confirm on the ground what Hatzopoulos has argued on the basis of epigraphic documents, namely
institutions under the kings, 2 vols (Athens: Research Centre for Greek and Roman Antiquity, National Hellenic Research Foundation) (Meletemata 22) Hatzopoulos, M. B. (1997) ‘L’e´tat mace´donien antique: un nouveau visage’ in: Comptes Rendus de l’Acade´mie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres 1: 7–25 Hatzopoulos, M. (1999) ‘Formes d’e´tat et re´gimes politiques du Nord et en Illyrie Me´ridionale’ in: Cabanes 1999a: 383–7 Hatzopoulos, M. (2000) ‘ ‘‘L’histoire par les noms’’ in Macedonia’ in: