A New History of the Peloponnesian War

A New History of the Peloponnesian War

Language: English

Pages: 1729

ISBN: B00B18ST30

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A New History of the Peloponnesian War is an ebook-only omnibus edition that includes all four volumes of Donald Kagan's acclaimed account of the war between Athens and Sparta (431–404 B.C.): The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, The Archidamian War, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, and The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Reviewing the four-volume set in The New Yorker, George Steiner wrote, "The temptation to acclaim Kagan's four volumes as the foremost work of history produced in North America in the twentieth century is vivid. . . . Here is an achievement that not only honors the criteria of dispassion and of unstinting scruple which mark the best of modern historicism but honors its readers."

All four volumes are also sold separately as both print books and ebooks.

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temporary and sometimes costly. The third category consists of states so remote or so powerful that their independence was rarely tampered with and whose conduct of foreign policy was rarely subordinated to Spartan interests. Only 41 Xen. Hell. 5. 2. 11-23. 42 Xen. Hell. 5. 4. 59-60. 43 See Thuc. 5. 31, where Elis attacks Lepreum; 4. 134, where Mantinea attacks Tegea; 5. 29. 1, where the Mantineans subdue part of Arcadia; and 1. 104, where Megara fights Corinth. 44 Elis: Arist. Pol. 1292 b; Xen.

ATL, III, 155-177. 44 THE ORIGINS OF THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE Persia and must have caused no problem. In the same year the forces of the league captured the Aegean island of Scyros, which was inhabited by Dolopians. They were enslaved and an Athenian cleruchy was established on the island. 60 Although the Athenians profited from this expedition, the allies seem not to have objected, and in fact, they had reason to be pleased. The Dolopians who lived on Scyros were a semibarbarous people who made

spirit spreading through the Peloponnese had already changed the Argive constitution, and this led him to choose Argos as a refuge. For a different interpretation and chronology, see W. G. Forrest, CQ, N.S., X (1960), 221-241. 14 Diod. II. 65; Strabo 8, p. 373; Thuc. 5. 47 and 77. 11 53 THE OUTBREAK OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR western Peloponnese. Elis, once a quiet region divided among several small villages, was now unified into a single state. The region thereafter grew in prosperity,

In the spring of 449, Pericles boldly attacked both his major problems at once. He introduced a bill to invite all Greeks, wherever they lived, whether in Europe or in Asia, whether small cities or large, to send representatives to a congress at Athens, to deliberate about the holy places that the barbarian had destroyed, and about the sacrifices that they owed, having promised them to a1 ATL, III, 28-36; 52-59. 110 THE CRISIS IN THE AEGEAN the gods when they fought against the barbarians, and

it must have been very useful to Pericles that the expedition to Thurii gave public prominence to such a supporter of his policy. He was living evidence, as was Sophocles, that a man could be kalos kagathos without joining the oligoi. Whatever the domestic considerations surrounding the foundation of Thurii, its later development carried forward its initial intention in the realm of foreign policy without deviation. No doubt Pericles was disappointed when Thurii seemed to turn away from Athens,

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