Aeschines (The Oratory of Classical Greece, Vol. 3; Michael Gagarin,
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This is the third volume in the Oratory of Classical Greece series. Planned for publication over several years, the series will present all of the surviving speeches from the late fifth and fourth centuries B.C. in new translations prepared by classical scholars who are at the forefront of the discipline. These translations are especially designed for the needs and interests of today's undergraduates, Greekless scholars in other disciplines, and the general public.
Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have been largely ignored: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few.
This volume contains the three surviving speeches of Aeschines (390-? B.C.). His speeches all revolve around political developments in Athens during the second half of the fourth century B.C. and reflect the internal political rivalries in an Athens overshadowed by the growing power of Macedonia in the north. The first speech was delivered when Aeschines successfully prosecuted Timarchus, a political opponent, for having allegedly prostituted himself as a young man. The other two speeches were delivered in the context of Aeschines' long-running political feud with Demosthenes. As a group, the speeches provide important information on Athenian law and politics, Demosthenes and his career, sexuality and social history, and the historical rivalry between Athens and Macedonia.
property would not benefit the hearers even when expressed with great eloquence.  These, then, are the men he bars from the platform; these are the ones he forbids to address the people. And if anyone in defiance of these rules does not just speak but plays the sykophant and behaves unscrupulously, and the city can no longer tolerate such a man, ‘‘Let any Athenian who wishes and has the right,’’ he says, ‘‘declare a scrutiny,’’ and at that point he bids you to decide the case in court. And it
and speaks on a subject that is not part of the proceedings, or urges on others, or assaults the Chairman, once the Assembly or Council is adjourned, the Chairmen (proedroi) are empowered to register a fine of up to fifty drachmas for each offense and pass the record to the Collectors. If he deserves a more severe punishment, they are to impose a fine of up to fifty drachmas and refer the matter to the Council or the next Assembly. When the summonses are lodged, the relevant body is to judge the
to say you will not use this argument if you have any sense. It is not buildings or lodgings that give their names to the occupants, but occupants who give the titles of their individual practices to their locations.  Where a number of people have rented a single building divided among them, we call it an apartment building. Where one man lives, we call it a house. Surely if a doctor moves into one of the shops by the roadside, it is called a doctor’s surgery. If he moves out and a
348 he had begun to besiege the city, and Athens had provided some support for Olynthus. Philip was presumably hoping to undermine Athens’ will to help Olynthus. 17 Summer 348. The Olympic truce was intended to guarantee safe passage for those traveling to the festival and to protect the festival itself from disruption. 98 aeschines to Philip on his behalf, so that if possible he could recover the ransom. You were persuaded and chose Ctesiphon 18 as envoy on his behalf.  When Ctesiphon
the Thirty (for whom, see 1.39n). 204 See 1.23n. 205 Hesiod Works and Days 240 –241. 206 See 2.5n. 202 203 2. on the embassy 149 putting me on trial now? There were some people who were getting rich by the war from your levies and the public revenues. Now that has stopped, since peace does not support idleness. So should men who are not victims but criminals wronging the city take revenge on the man who supported peace, while those of you who benefit from peace desert the men who have served