Anaximander and the Architects: The Contributions of Egyptian and Greek Architectural Technologies to the Origins of Greek Philosophy (SUNY Series in Ancient Greek Philosophy)
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Uses textual and archaeological evidence to argue that emerging Egyptian and Greek architectural technologies were crucial to the origins and development of Greek philosophy.
Opens a previously unexplored avenue into Presocratic philosophy--the technology of monumental architecture. The evidence, coming directly from sixth century b.c.e. building sites and bypassing Aristotle, shows how the architects and their projects supplied their Ionian communities with a sprouting vision of natural order governed by structural laws. Their technological innovations and design techniques formed the core of an experimental science and promoted a rational, not mythopoetical, discourse central to our understanding of the context in which early Greek philosophy emerged. Anaximander's prose book and his rationalizing mentality are illuminated in surprising ways by appeal to the ongoing, extraordinary projects of the archaic architects and their practical techniques.
68 Anaximander and the Architects the Egyptian architects involved in ongoing projects just how the monumental edifices were planned and erected.The Egyptians of the twenty-sixth dynasty stood at the outermost edge of continuous architectural traditions spanning more than two millennia; they were in a position to inspire and educate the Ionian Greeks who were disengaged from their own architectural ancestors by more than four hundred years.And under the restored Pharaoh Psamtik, the Egyptians
however, than the probable dates for the publications of the architects’ prose treatises that would likely have detailed the planning, proportions, and methods that led to those achievements. We know that the Artemision had eight columns across the front facade and probably twenty-one along each side. The columns in front had special, high bases, carved with figure scenes in relief. There are inscriptions on the bases indicating that they had been dedicated by Kroisos.123 Now, Kroisos, king of
indicators of ground plans. The Egyptians showed interest in the use of red-colored chalk lines, and then developed another technique of scratch lines; in Greece, Petronotis argued, mutatis mutandis, that the remnants of red chalk lines and scratch lines prove the existence of plan drawings. Conscious that he could only make a circumstantial case for the Greek architects, Petronotis decided on the strategy of focusing upon drawing materials, scratching tools and standards, to persuade his readers
the fifth century of drawings that apparently had some architectural use, even if informal. And the extraordinary discovery by Haselberger provides a picture of a monumental project that relied in a significant manner on drawings in plan and elevation for architectural purposes, and shows that the architect had a real need to make use of precise drawings in the process of erecting his colossus made of stone. Although Haselberger’s evidence belongs to the fourth century, it is difficult to believe
that it does not reflect, even if in simpler form, techniques employed in the archaic period when Greek monumental projects were being resuscitated after lying dormant for about half a millennium. And this evidence, together with the earlier evidence that Kienast and Schneider present, suggests the likelihood that drawings and sketches of all kinds, and the instruments for making them, would likely have appeared in, at, or on the earlier temples, thus supplying Anaximander and his archaic