Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander: The Evidence

Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander: The Evidence

Joseph Roisman

Language: English

Pages: 688

ISBN: 1405127767

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

With fresh, new translations and extensive introductions and annotations, this sourcebook provides an inclusive and integrated view of Greek history, from Homer to Alexander the Great.

  • New translations of original sources are contextualized by insightful introductions and annotations
  • Includes a range of literary, artistic and material evidence from the Homeric, Archaic and Classical Ages
  • Focuses on important developments as well as specific themes to create an integrated perspective on the period
  • Links the political and social history of the Greeks to their intellectual accomplishments
  • Includes an up-to-date bibliography of seminal scholarship
  • An accompanying website offers additional evidence and explanations, as well as links to useful online resources

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part of the money but were eager for war in any case, thinking that hegemony in Greece belonged to them. Those who had accepted the money then proceeded to make anti-Spartan comments in their respective cities; and having roused them to hatred for the Spartans, they began to forge unity amongst the largest of them. Xenophon attributes to a Theban envoy to Athens in 395 a speech that successfully appeals to the Athenians to join Thebes in a war against Sparta. The speaker lists the Greeks’

for signing the Peace of Antalcidas with Persia. He strongly promotes the claim of Athens to lead Greece, and calls upon both states to share command of a Greek campaign against Persia. Isocrates was an Athenian patriot, but he did not cynically use the idea of a Panhellenic crusade to promote Athenian interests. In the following extracts, he discusses the benefits and justice of pursuing a predatory policy against the Persians. Isocrates 4 Panegyricus 133–134, 150–152, 173–174 ( 133) I think

up with several measures to ease the burden of liturgies. Toward the end of the Peloponnesian War, two men could share a trierarchy as syntrierarchs. Later it was customary not to impose a trierarchy more than once in three years and a choregy in two. A trierarch could additionally hire someone to replace him as the ship’s captain. The Athenians also instituted in the name of fairness the procedure of antidosis (lit. “giving in exchange”). A man who was assigned a liturgy could challenge another,

outdoors. Some scholars have attributed the fragment to a speech against the courtesan Aristagora who, being a metic, had been charged for failing to obtain a prostates (citizen sponsor or patron). 37.12.B Female Propriety Hyperides fr. 205 ( Jensen) If a woman goes out of her house, she should have reached the age where those who meet her will ask not whose wife she is but whose mother. Women could legitimately show themselves in public on religious occasions, at funerals, or when they went

function is unclear: perhaps they served as dedications to gods, perhaps as grave markers. One famous example of a male kouros ca. 530 is of Croesus of Attica (Figure 12.1). The name suggests a possible xenia (guest-friendship) with the famous Lydian king, Croesus. The statue appears to depict an ideal male youth. The perfect masculine body, the restrained demeanor, and the inscription that commemorates Croesus’ death in battle, embody elite males’ self-perception as courageous men who are kaloi

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