Ancient Greek Houses and Households: Chronological, Regional, and Social Diversity
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Seeking to expand both the geographical range and the diversity of sites considered in the study of ancient Greek housing, Ancient Greek Houses and Households takes readers beyond well-established studies of the ideal classical house and now-famous structures of Athens and Olynthos.
Bradley A. Ault and Lisa C. Nevett have brought together an international team of scholars who draw upon recent approaches to the study of households developed in the fields of classical archaeology, ancient history, and anthropology. The essays cover a broad range of chronological, geographical, and social contexts and address such topics as the structure and variety of households in ancient Greece, facets of domestic industry, regional diversity in domestic organization, and status distinctions as manifested within households.
Ancient Greek Houses and Households views both Greek houses and the archeological debris found within them as a means of investigating the basic unit of Greek society: the household. Through this approach, the essays successfully point the way toward a real integration between material and textual data, between archeology and history.
Contributors include William Aylward (University of Wisconsin, Madison), Nicholas Cahill (University of Wisconsin, Madison), Manuel Fiedler (Freie Universität, Berlin), Franziska Lang (Humboldt Universität, Berlin), Monike Trümper (Universität Heidelberg), and Barbara Tsakirgis (Vanderbilt University, Nashville).
E. 1975. “Town and Country Houses of Attica in Classical Times.” In Thorikos and Laurion in Archaic and Classical Times, ed. H. Mussche, 63–140. Miscellanea Graeca 1. Ghent: Comité des Fouilles Belges en Grèce. Kirchner, Iohannes 1927. Inscriptiones Graecae. Vol. 2, Pt. 2, Inscriptiones Atticae. Berlin: de Gruyter. Lynch, K. 1999. “Pottery from a Late Archaic Athenian House in Context.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia. Lynch, K. In press. “More Thoughts on the Space of the Symposium.”
and Delos (see the chapters by Cahill, Tsakirgis, and Trümper in this volume). At Thorikos and in a variety of outlying structures from smaller, village settlements in the surrounding area, the domestic quarters are often combined with facilities for processing silver ore, which was mined in the area. The important role played by mining and processing raises the possibility that Thorikos may not be a typical example of an Attic deme: it seems likely that as a consequence of the need for a
the fact that there seems to have been less variability in room size than was the case in Athenian houses. In particular, mean Fig. 6.1. Thorikos, courtyard houses. a. Fig. 6.2. Thorikos. a. the southwest slope of Velatouri Hill; b. the Industrial Quarter. 88 Lisa C. Nevett room size tends to be larger, which suggests that less attempt was made to create intimate and private spaces. This might imply a lack of the kinds of activities for which such rooms were used at Athens, or perhaps
Wlled with earth up to the level of the courtyard; it could not have been extended over taberna 6 unless the latter had only been used as a storeroom with a low ceiling. 7. Working and living were not strictly separated and pursued in clearly segregated spaces as in the postindustrial western world; thus, “work” refers here to commercial activities and covers, for example, the production and sale of goods, or the retail of food and drink. Production exceeding the requirements of a household and
Lang identiWes a number of cultural spheres that can be discerned by studying domestic space: the social, economic, technological, sociopsychological, symbolic, functional, and “representative” or display. A site like Zagora is ideal for studying settlement-wide changes in these areas over time (Lang, Chap. 2, Fig. 2.2), but they can also be observed elsewhere, albeit on a more limited scale. At the same time, the pattern of increasing segmentation of domestic space in communities like Zagora and