Ancient Greeks West and East (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava Supplementum)
Gocha R. Tsestkhladze
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This volume deals with the concept of 'West' and 'East', as held by the ancient Greeks. Cultural exchange in Archaic and Classical Greece through the establishment of Hellenic colonies around the ancient world was an important development, and always a two-way process. To achieve a proper understanding of it requires study from every angle. All 24 papers in this volume combine different types of evidence, discussing them from every perspective: they are examined not only from the point of view of the Greeks but from that of the locals. The book gives new data, as well as re-examining existing evidence and reinterpreting old theories. The book is richly illustrated.
gegen Deutschland (Stuttgart-Berlin 1915). 14 G.M. BONGARD-LEVIN In Bitch' (Speech) newspaper he published an article: "An Ancient Historian and the Great War"," where he wrote: E. Meyer's hook is highly disappointing. In front of us is a ponderous and quite crude, offensive and malicious lampoon on England, which is notable neither for true knowledge, nor for breadth of outlook. England in the eyes of the author is a backward nation which is slow in its cultural and governmental development,
one thing, itself'."' At the same lime he outlined measures for rapprochement with academic and social circles in England and France, and in doing this, he allotted the leading role to the Russian Academy of Sciences. A lot of what he wrote about in this article, he tried 10 put into ellcci subsequently when he was in England. After these anti-German statements, after his collision with the leader of German classical scholarship, it was impossible for him to go to Germany, although his academic
nobody else would \tr able to find it in the chaos of my archive..." Archive of the German Ai h.ieolngical Institute. Berlin. Papers of "Hi. Wiegand. : 16 CM. BONGARD-LEVIN completion of his serious academic work—his book on the Scythians and the Bosporus—he took only extracts from books, notes, drawings, separate ofT-prints of recent articles, several copies of his own books (Ancient Decorative Painting in South Russia; Greeh and Iranians in South Russia; 'Die Birth cf the Roman Empire)**
the result of the psychological impact of environment. Moreover, although the author has not actually said anywhere that a given set of environmental conditions could act on two groups of people and produce the same physique but different ethical character or vice versa, something which would wreck any potential for racist theory, he does think ethical effects arc dissociable from ''nationality". Anybody physically in Asia, whether homophulos or alloplndos, ie. of the "same or different nation"
Woolley refers to as "brown local subgcometric" in the lowest levels and on the lowest floor (sec above). The implications of all this for the history of the site are profound, were well recognised from early clays, but arc often now discounted though not altogether in Kearsley (1995a, 80)—or forgotten. In the 1950s Dunbabin could write: There is nothing among the finds from the lowest Level that appear to belong to any Asiatic people; in this respect there is nothing to differentiate the place