Brill's Companion to Herodotus
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Herodotus "Histories" can be read in many ways. Their literary qualities, never in dispute, can be more fully appreciated in the light of recent developments in the study of pragmatics, narratology, and orality. Their intellectual status has been radically reassessed: no longer regarded as naive and archaic, the "Histories" are now seen as very much a product of the intellectual climate of their own day - not only subject to contemporary literary, religious, moral and social influences, but actively contributing to the great debates of their time. Their reliability as historical and ethnographic accounts, a matter of controversy even in antiquity, is being debated with renewed vigour and increasing sophistication. This "Companion" offers an up-to-date and in-depth overview of all these current approaches to Herodotus remarkable work."
the Persian logioi apparently speak in defence, claiming that in hav ing launched a wholesale attack on Troy the Greeks are the real aitioi tes diaphores. The end of this imaginary 'trial' is well known. Herodotus leaves this inconclusive case for what it is and turns to the man whom he 'knows' (oida) to have started the hostilities against the Greeks (1.5.3). But meanwhile he has given logoi on the subject, and he has shown their difference. The attempt to retrace the earliest aide for the
his audience to recall specific Homeric passages whenever such a phrase is used especially if that phrase is the only 'echo' of epic in its passage. Expressions such as 6I won't hide the truth from you5, or 'So-and-So would groan if he heard that. . .' might have originated in epic language but passed into rhetorical commonplaces; they might just as well have come to epic from ordinary speech. For Herodotus' audience such phrases would doubtless have a generally poetic quality (such as Hermogenes
corpse of Leonidas at Thermopylae (7.225) with its unmistakable echo of the long fight over Patroclus (Iliad 17). Interestingly, the 'new5 fragments of Simonides' elegy on the battle of Plataea (see above) now show that the two wars were seen as analogous significantly before Herodotus. Simonides first recalls the destruction of Troy and the 'undying fame' which the Danaans received from that poet who learned the truth from the Muses; then he summons his own Muse to help him adorn his song to
everyday politics are 8 1.22.4; cf., e.g., 1.84.4; 3.82.2. See Rcinhold (1985); Hornblower (1996a) 61 with bihliog. 9 This is confirmed by Thucydides' demonstration of how Sparta too eventually turns from liberator to oppressor of the Greeks (Raaflaub (1985) 248-57), an idea developed fully in Xcnophon's Hellenica: Tuplin (1993); Dillcry (1995); Sterling (1998). Stasis in Thucydides: Price (2001). Ul Bibliog. on power and imperialism in Thucvdides is immense; it is cited in Raaflaub (1994) 105
Croesus, see, e.g., Immcrwahr (1966) 81-8, 154-61; White (1969); Bichlcr (2000) 244-55; Moles, this volume (Ch. 2). The 'Archaeology* serves a similar function in Thucydides' work: Hunter (1982) Ch. 1. On the Croesus logos, see also Fisher, this volume (Ch. 9, pp. 218 11). 02 On the problem of the accuracy of this statement, see Heuss (1973) 388 90; IJoyd (1984); Ashen (1988) rift-civ, both with earlier bibliog. 63 Not by chance, Gyges is the first for whom the Greeks used the word lyrannos