Maximus of Tyre: The Philosophical Orations

Maximus of Tyre: The Philosophical Orations

Language: English

Pages: 464

ISBN: 0198149891

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Trapp offers a new annotated translation of the philosophical orations of Maximus of Tyre. These orations cover a range of topics from Platonic theology to the proper attitude to pleasure. They open a window onto the second century's world of the Second Sophistic and Christian apologists, as well as on to that of the Florentine Platonists of the later fifteenth century who read, studied, and imitated the orations.

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and almost imperceptibly training his neighbour's birds to sing in tune, provide reassuring analogies for Maximus himself as gentle and benevolent instructor, as indeed does the much earlier comparison with the piping shepherd, guarding and guiding his flock, in ยง 3. In fact, the exploitation of this allusive technique pervades the whole oration. Beginning with the very first Life, Works, and Context liii words of the opening paragraph, the successive images of actor, musician, doctor,

which Maximus' work is made to keep-three Middle Platonic philosophical handbooks. On the one hand, this suggests a view of Maximus too as an author of philosophical as well as (or even, rather than) literary interest. But at the same time it raises the question when such a collection of texts might have been put together in the first place-of the process lIS See Alien (1893); Wilson (1983: 86-8). The manuscripts are, besides Paris. gr. 1962, Paris. gr. I807 (the 'Paris Plato'), Paris. Suppl. gr.

which Maximus' work is made to keep-three Middle Platonic philosophical handbooks. On the one hand, this suggests a view of Maximus too as an author of philosophical as well as (or even, rather than) literary interest. But at the same time it raises the question when such a collection of texts might have been put together in the first place-of the process lIS See Alien (1893); Wilson (1983: 86-8). The manuscripts are, besides Paris. gr. 1962, Paris. gr. I807 (the 'Paris Plato'), Paris. Suppl. gr.

contains a number of other texts in different and slightly later hands, which must have been added subsequently. 125 For the textual corrections, see the apparatus crlticus to Trapp (1994); for the differentiation of the different hands involved, Schulte (1915: 6-7, 60-5). It is possible that a number of the missing diagrams have been lost through trimming of the pages, not through failure to copy them. 126 Its gatherings always begin and end with the same words as the corresponding gatherings of

Sopp. 4 takes us tantalizingly close to the point of transition, on both sides. It was certainly in Florence by 1425 (see below), but also bears an anonymous note recording someone's four-year stay in Trebiwnd between 1384 and 1388 (fol. 139): see Rostagno and Festa (1893: 133-4 = Bandini (1961) ii. 8*). Il7 Counting only manuscripts that still survive: the total would go up if it could be shown conclusively that a number of references in library catalogues and private correspondence relate not

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