Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (Beitr GE Zur Altertumskunde)

Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (Beitr GE Zur Altertumskunde)

Language: English

Pages: 463

ISBN: 3110200597

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The oath was an institution of fundamental importance across a wide range of social interactions throughout the ancient Greek world, making a crucial contribution to social stability and harmony; yet there has been no comprehensive, dedicated scholarly study of the subject for over a century. This volume of a two-volume study explores the nature of oaths as Greeks perceived it, the ways in which they were used (and sometimes abused) in Greek life and literature, and their inherent binding power.

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(Dem. 27‒30) to retrieve his inheritance from unscrupulous guardians, since he 24 See Gagarin 2001, 162‒67. Foxhall 1996, 149 similarly notes the scripted quality of the oath. 25 The prosecutor or sunēgoros in this case is the uncle of the sons of Diodotus’ daughter, who is the niece and wife of Diogeiton. 26 Hunter 1989, 47; Johnstone 2003, 271.  7.1 Women and oaths   171 would have depended on her evidence about the matter. After the death of her husband, Cleobule remained unwed,

Apollo, and Athena secures his acquittal at his trial in Athens, though half the Areopagus councillors apparently judge otherwise. Details Promissory Assertory Type Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Believed?  7.2 Servile swearing   189

arbitration, see Ath.Agora xix L4a.69‒81. On oaths sworn by arbitrators themselves, see S&B §5.13. 74   4 Friendship and enmity, trust and suspicion ties for his customer’s alleged debts. The Bosporan, not surprisingly, prepared to go to law, and at this point Pasion asked to meet him in a sacred place. They met on the Acropolis, and Pasion said that he had acted as he had because he was short of money and asked that he be forgiven and his financial position kept secret (§18). The Bosporan

research grant which supported work on § 5.2, and for funding to support the cost of indexing, which was carried out with great efficiency by Dr Joanna Luke. Alan H. Sommerstein (Nottingham), Isabelle C. Torrance (Notre Dame), Andrew J. Bayliss (Birmingham), Judith Fletcher (Waterloo), Kyriaki Konstantinidou (Istanbul), Lynn A. Kozak (Montreal) March 2014 Contents Abbreviations  X 1 What is an oath? (A.H. Sommerstein)  1 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Oath and curse (K. Konstantinidou)  6

Horkos and Erinyes: oath as a curse  8 Explicit self-curse and oath-taking  19 The explicit self-curse in Greek drama  24 The explicit self-curse in law-court speeches  37 3 Oaths in traditional myth (I.C. Torrance)  48 4 4.1 4.2 Friendship and enmity, trust and suspicion  60 Oaths between warriors in epic and tragedy (L.A. Kozak)  60 Oaths in business (A.H. Sommerstein)  67 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 The language of oaths  76 How oaths are expressed (A.H. Sommerstein)  76 The

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