Progymnasmata: Greek Textbooks of Prose Composition and Rhetoric (Writings from the Greco-Roman World)

Progymnasmata: Greek Textbooks of Prose Composition and Rhetoric (Writings from the Greco-Roman World)

Language: English

Pages: 256

ISBN: 158983061X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

For students of classical, medieval, and early modern literature and of the history of education, Kennedy (classics emeritus, U. of North Carolina-Chapel Hill) presents and comments on four Greek treatises for teaching prose composition and elementary rhetoric. They were written during the time of the Roman Empire and studied throughout the Byzanti

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parts. And we shall compose amplifications and digressions as the parts of the thesis permit. Similarly, we shall make use of emotions and characterizations and exhortations and nearly all the kinds (ideai) of discourse. We shall introduce many circumstances of life and speak fitting words about each. For example, in considering whether one should marry, after a general and universal discussion applying to all mankind, from which we confirm or refute the obligation to marry, we shall continue

Patillon, p. . What he translates matrise (“model”) perhaps represents Greek kharaktêr.  Patillon, n. , suggests that this refers to word-for-word memorization of some texts, which the student can then deliver with appropriate voice and gesture.  Patillon, p. .  Theon’s suggestion that students write essays about their own experiences (“What I did on my summer vacation”) is unparalleled and surprising from an an- chp1.qxd 1/7/2003  10:51 AM Page 70 PROGYMNASMATA words

speech Heracles might have given while alive is an example of ethopoeia, a speech he might have given after death is an eidolopoeia.  chp3.qxd 1/7/2003  10:51 AM Page 116 PROGYMNASMATA speaker, as Menander invented Elenchos (Disproof); for elenchos is a thing, not a person at all; which is why this is called “person-making”; for the person is invented with the character.[R] So much for the distinctions. Some characterizations are pathetical, some ethical, some mixed. Pathetical

“high-spiritedness,” reworking everything in a nobler direction. As I said, one should introduce comparisons everywhere, avoiding excessive flatness (hyptiotês) and aiming at an account of his virtues (aretai), in order that the discourse may be alive (empsykhos). The question should be asked whether encomion admits antithesis. If there is need to make a test of what is acknowledged as good, goods provoking an antithesis will not be acknowledged goods; but if antithesis results from some

neither in the exercise called encomion will there be an evaluation of a whole in comparison to a whole, but of a part to a part. For example, in evaluating the noble birth of a person we are praising, we wish to show that he did not fall below the noble birth of, say, Achilles; here we take a short bit of what is related about Achilles that [] is enough for our purpose and leave out everything else about the hero, since the incidental bit happens to be more useful than that from which it is

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