Sexuality in Greek and Roman Literature and Society: A Sourcebook (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This Sourcebook contains numerous original translations of ancient poetry, inscriptions and documents, all of which illuminate the multifaceted nature of sexuality in antiquity.
The detailed introduction provides full social and historical context for the sources, and guides students on how to use the material most effectively. Themes such as marriage, prostitution and same-sex attraction are presented comparatively, with material from the Greek and Roman worlds shown side by side. This approach allows readers to interpret the written records with a full awareness of the different context of these separate but related societies. Commentaries are provided throughout, focusing on vocabulary and social and historical context.
This is the first major sourcebook on ancient sexuality; it will be of particular use on related courses in classics, ancient history and gender studies.
daughter of great Cronus, say what you think. My heart tells me to do it, 195 if I can do it, and if it is a thing that can be done.” With deceitful thoughts queen Hera said to her: “Give to me the powers of love and desire (7) with which you subdue all immortals and mortal men. For I go to the end of the all-nurturing earth 200 to see Ocean, father of the gods, and mother Tethys, who nursed and cherished me well in their house, receiving me from Rhea, when far-sounding Zeus dispatched Cronus
Investment in such establishments was deemed an ordinary business outlet (albeit a disreputable one) two centuries later by the philosopher, Theophrastus (Characters 6.5). The conditions of the brothels are impossible to describe as they varied in relation to the physical environment, state of hygiene (or absence thereof) and the expectations of the workers. One may assume, however, that the ergasterion (workshop) and the porneion (brothel) at the bottom end of the market were a dismal
begetting, but are compelled by the law to do so. (6) It is enough for them to live unmarried and with each other. (7) At any rate, this sort of male becomes a lover of boys and is fond of his own beloved, always welcoming what is similar. Therefore, whoever meets his other half, the lover-of-boys or the other kinds, they are wonderfully smitten with affection, kinship and erotic love.” Notes 1 Cf. Reckford; Penwill; Cohen 1991:190–92; Carnes. 2 androgunos: a hermaphrodite; also used as an
(74); also, Reardon; Holzberg 1986 (87–93). 2 erotike: erotic material. 3 eros: love/sex at a broader level than usual, the subject matter of the dialogue. Unless otherwise noted, throughout eros is translated as ‘love’, while Aphrodite is used of the ‘sexual act’ (cf. n. 9 and 15). 4 Boys (paides) possess an uncomplicated nature and a kallos that inspires an undiluted form of hedone. 5 Tantalus was invited to dine with the gods, despite being a mortal: variant versions have him either revealing
licking the vaginal secretions of prostitutes (129–130), Catullus’ Gellius (136) and Nanneius (137), revelling in performing oral sex, are ridiculed because of their assumption of gender roles specifically forbidden them by societal mores. In such pieces, the poet embraces the role of public educator while perhaps simultaneously betraying not only his own ingrained and culturally-specific prejudices but his own unease and sense of sexual displacement. No doubt the targeted audiences of these