The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought (The Cambridge History of Political Thought)
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Beginning with Homer and ending in late antiquity with Christian and pagan reflections on divine and human order, this volume is the first general and comprehensive treatment of Rome ever to be published in English. Its international team of distinguished scholars includes historians of law, politics, culture and religion, as well as philosophers. The volume will long remain an accessible and authoritative guide to Greek and Roman thinking about government and community.
in the service of a conventional hedonism) to a Sidgwickian science of moral good (induced by reflection on the Form of the Good). Cf. also White 1979:35-9,46-9,52-8. Irwin's idea is that the interest of the Form of the Good to Plato lies in the provision of a non-egoistic good: two different conceptions of good, two different conceptions of science. The present treatment takes it that it is the same conception of science, the same conception of good. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge
production of the book, and above all to Pauline Hire, who has simultaneously nagged and encouraged us until we finished. CJR • MS January 1999 [xv] Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 Abbreviations Acronyms are used for modern series or collections of texts as follows: C CCSL C1L CPF CSEL D DK GCS GP IG KRS Migne, PG/PL ML NPNF P SC SVF W Code [of Justinian] = Corpus iuris civilis, vol. n (Berlin) Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina (Turnholt) Corpus Inscriptionum
Emlyn-Jones 1980, Hussey 1995KRS 100-42,Guthrie 1962:72-115, Barnes 1979:19-37, Vlastos 1947, Vernant 1965:185-206. KRS 163-80, Guthrie 1962:360-402, Barnes 1979:82-99, Lesher 1992, Schafer 1996. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 50 THE BEGINNINGS OF POLITICAL REFLECTION so completely enveloped in legend that we have no possibility of retrieving his political thinking. 60 Heraclitus of Ephesus (550-480) is the most puzzling of the early philosophers. What remains
exemplary positions. Tragedy's special language constitutes a privileged expressiveness, a privileged access to things. Tragedy's sublimity changes the possibilities of understanding the world; it grants what Nietzsche calls 'metaphysical consolation... from another world'. 19 On the other hand, ancient Greece ('that paradise of the human spirit' 20 ) and in particular the polis as a society, provides a fundamental model for Hegel's sense of history and of ethical action. An idealized Greece
for the most part they are not particularly outstanding ones; and the anonymous author of the pseudo-Xenophontic 42 Harvey 1965,Guthrie 1969: ch. 6. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 1OO H E R O D O T U S , THUCYDIDES AND THE S O P H I S T S Constitution ofthe Athenians,43 a pamphlet written probably in the 430s or early 420s by an oligarchically-minded Athenian (conventionally known as the 'Old Oligarch') for a non-Athenian audience of similar outlook,