The Delphic Oracle, It's Responses and Operations, with a Catalogue of Responses

The Delphic Oracle, It's Responses and Operations, with a Catalogue of Responses

Language: English

Pages: 476

ISBN: 0520033604

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


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Argive women would mourn and men would say that the serpent, symbol of Argos, had perished by the spear. This looks like the sort of deceptive prophecy that would give the Argives a false feeling of security in the beref that a victory in battle of women over men was unlikely, if not impossible. Herodotos connects the oracle with the battle of the Sepia, wherein the Argives suffered a disastrous defeat from the Spartans under Kleomenes, when Kleomenes did not follow up the victory and withdrew

response is spoken to his envoys or agents (notice Q101, 102). Those scholars who suppose that all responses must have had a verse form (see Parke 1956: I 33) believe that this was the form in which Herodotos knew Qwo, though he did not choose to quote it directly. This is improbable; more likely this response had only an indirect form in the oral tradition (though an occasional narrator 29 OD 648. See Pind. Pyth. 9·44-49. where Chinm dest·ribe~ Apollo'~ •nnni~··ienn·, especially oaaa TE xOwv

(Herod. 8.62.2); seep. 153. Other seers mentioned by Herodotos are the Acamanian Megistias, present with the Spartans at Thermopylai (7.219.1, 221); the Iamid Teisamenos (9.J3.I; Paus. J.II.6-8; see Q16o); the lamid Kallias (5.44.2-45·2); Euenios of Apollonia and his son Deiphonos (9.92.-95). CHRBSMOLOGUBS AND ORACLB COLI.BcnONS 159 spoke. In the Knights Kleon is in effect a chresmologue who possesses a collection of Bakis' oracles, which help him to keep Demos under his control {109-143,

Compilations of oracles were apparently also made in the names of other legendary or semi-legendary seers of the distant past. A Scholiast mentions poems of Euklos the chresmologue, a Cypriote. As famous chresmologues of old Pausanias names Cypriote Euklos, Athenian Musaios and Lykos, Pandion's son, and Boeotian Bakis. Euklos, says Pausanias, predicted the Persian invasion of Hellas before Bakis did so; and he quotes verses of Euklos which predicted Homer's birth. 2.9 We may suspect that LSo on

Others greet the auditors as happy and fortunate, as already noticed in Q18o (p. 150), Eudaimon ptoliethron, which also begins Q68; in both the city is Athens. The usual adjective, the first word of the first line, is a form of olbios or eudaimon. This is the opening of several Quasi-Historical ru· 10 Probably forms of phrazesthai employed in other responses are suggested by this conventional opening, as in the oracle of Glanis (Aristoph. Eq. 1o67),where AlyEt&] ,Ppaaaa' KVVaAW1TEKa differs

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