The Peloponnesian War (Oxford World's Classics)
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"The greatest historian that ever lived." Such was Macaulay's assessment of Thucydides (c. 460-400 BC) and his history of the Peloponnesian War, the momentous struggle between Athens and Sparta that lasted for twenty-seven years from 431 to 404 BC, involved virtually the whole of the Greek world, and ended in the fall of Athens. A participant in the war himself, Thucydides brings to his history an awesome intellect, brilliant narrative, and penetrating analysis of the nature of power, as it affects both states and individuals. Of the prose writers of the ancient world, Thucydides has had more lasting influence on western thought than all but Plato and Aristotle. This new edition combines a masterly new translation by Martin Hammond with comprehensive supporting material, including summaries of individual Books; textual notes; a comprehensive analytical index; an appendix on weights, measures and distances, money, and calendars; ten maps; an up-to-date bibliography; and an illuminating introduction by P.J. Rhodes.
About the Series: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the broadest spectrum of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, voluminous notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
stockade, and he armed their crews with shields of inferior quality, most of them wicker; it was impossible to find weapons in a deserted place, and even the shields they got from a Messenian thirty-oared pirate ship and boat that had just arrived. About forty of these Messenians were hoplites, which he used along with the others. He stationed most of his men, both armed and unarmed, at the best fortified and strongest points, facing the mainland, and ordered them to ward off any attacks by the
winter ended, as did the eighteenth year of this war, which Thucydides recorded.  As soon as the following spring began, the Lacedaemonians and their allies made their very earliest invasion of Attica; Agis son of Archidamos, king of the Lacedaemonians, was in command. They first plundered the area of the plain, and then fortified Dekeleia, dividing up the work among the cities. Dekeleia is about one hundred twenty stades from the city of Athens and about the same distance or not much more
3.62, 67; 4.92, 93 Koronta, 2.102 Korykos, 8.14, 33, 34 Koryphasion, 4.3, 118; 5.18 Kos, 8.41, 45, 55, 108 Kotyrta, 4.56 Kranioi, 2.30, 33; 5.35, 56 Krannon, 2.22 Krataimenes, 6.4 Kratesikles, 4.11 Krenai, 3.105 Krestonia/Krestonians, 2.99, 100; 4.109 Krisai, Krisaian, 1.107; 2.69, 83, 86, 92, 93; 4.76 Krokyleion, 3.96 Krommyon, 4.42, 44, 45 Kropia, 2.19 Kroton/Krotoniates, 7.35 Krousis, 2.79 Kydonia, 2.85 Kyklopes, 6.2 Kyllene, 1.30; 2.84, 86; 3.69, 76; 6.88 Kylon, 1.126
command of Kimon son of Miltiades, they besieged and captured Eion on the Strymon river, which was held by the Medes, and enslaved the inhabitants. Next, they enslaved the island of Skyros in the Aegean, occupied by Dolopians, and settled it themselves. There was a war between them and the Karystians, not involving the other Euboians, and the Karystians eventually surrendered on terms. After this they fought against the Naxians when they revolted and forced them back in by besieging them. And
whole population of Mytilene took part, and that if they hurried there were hopes of making a surprise attack. If they succeeded, then they succeeded; otherwise, they were to tell the Mytileneans to hand over their ships and tear down their walls, declaring war if they did not obey. The ships set off, while the Athenians detained the ten triremes from Mytilene that happened to be with them as auxiliaries in accordance with the alliance and put their crews under guard. But a man from Athens who