The Persian Wars to the Fall of Athens: Books 11-14.34 (480-401 BCE)
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Only one surviving source provides a continuous narrative of Greek history from Xerxes' invasion to the Wars of the Successors following the death of Alexander the Great--the Bibliotheke, or "Library," produced by Sicilian historian Diodorus Siculus (ca. 90-30 BCE). Yet generations of scholars have disdained Diodorus as a spectacularly unintelligent copyist who only reproduced, and often mangled, the works of earlier historians. Arguing for a thorough critical reappraisal of Diodorus as a minor but far from idiotic historian himself, Peter Green published Diodorus Siculus, Books 11-12.37.1, a fresh translation, with extensive commentary, of the portion of Diodorus's history dealing with the period 480-431 BCE, the so-called "Golden Age" of Athens. This is the only recent modern English translation of the Bibliotheke in existence. In the present volume--the first of two covering Diodorus's text up to the death of Alexander--Green expands his translation of Diodorus up to Athens' defeat after the Peloponnesian War. In contrast to the full scholarly apparatus in his earlier volume (the translation of which is incorporated) the present volume's purpose is to give students, teachers, and general readers an accessible version of Diodorus's history. Its introduction and notes are especially designed for this audience and provide an up-to-date overview of fifth-century Greece during the years that saw the unparalleled flowering of drama, architecture, philosophy, historiography, and the visual arts for which Greece still remains famous.
though all Libya had been taken prisoner by their island. 26. Also, ambassadors from those cities and rulers that had previously opposed him made haste to seek audience, begging forgiveness for past errors and assuring him that in future they would execute his every command. He showed restraint to them all and concluded alliances with them, bearing his good fortune with proper moderation: this attitude embraced not them alone but even his worst enemies, the Carthaginians.  For when the envoys
chose as the two men Aristeides and Xanthippos, whom they picked not only for excellence of character but also because they saw both as active competitors with Themistocles in the pursuit of public renown and leadership, and for this reason liable to oppose him.  So these men were privately informed about his plan by Themistocles and then declared to the demos that what Themistocles had told them was indeed important, of advantage to the city, and feasible.58  The demos—which, while
strategic skill, meant that his fame got noised abroad not only among his own countrymen but throughout the rest of the Greek world; for he had captured three hundred and forty ships, over 20,000 men, and a very considerable sum of money.  The Persians, however, after suffering these substantial reverses, 82. A nice case of symbolic synchronicity (24.1 and note) being defeated by geography: the minimum distance from Cyprus to the Eurymedon is about 130 miles, and so Cimon and his ﬂeet cannot
ITHAKA Eretria Aulis Koroneia LOKRIS Chalkis Oiniadai Haliartos Erythrai Tanagra Oinophyta GUL BOIOTIA F OF Thebes Same Leuktra Patrai Oropos S C OR INTH R. Asopos IA Krane A C HA Plataia Mt. Kithairon K Eleusis Pegai YL L Mt. S O ph H Megara T N G ENE E RYM A ER A Ke Marathon Ainos Sikyon NEI A R. Athens Elis Kyllene Lechaion Nisaia Phaleron Phlious Corinth Zakynthos Kenchreai Salamis Mt. Elatos Nemea Aigina Olympia Orchomenos Piraeus Mycenae R. A SARONIC Mantinea Argos lph Epidauros GULF C.
Sacred Band, consisting of 150 pairs of dedicated warrior-lovers, but this last, though it could have been based on the traditional grouping, seems to have been a much later creation. Cf. O’Sullivan, 383 –385. 150 diodorus siculus Athenians were forced to join battle while still marshaling their forces.  A violent conﬂict developed, in which to begin with the Athenian cavalry, ﬁghting brilliantly, turned the horsemen opposing them to ﬂight. Subsequently, however, when the infantry lines