The Psyche in Antiquity: Early Greek Philosophy: From Thales to Plotinus
Edward F. Edinger
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Redeems the relevance of Greek philosophy to everyday, modern life. The purpose of this book is not to study philosophy, but rather to track the psyshe as it manifests in the archetypal ideas that so gripped the early Greeks. Dr. Edinger's unique perpective redeems the relvance of this bedrock of the Western psyche by relating the Greeks' ideas to modern psychological experience.
later Stoics equated fire and logos, and they attributed the equation to Heraclitus. Logos is a multifaceted term, especially in its early usage. Its basic meaning is "word," but it also meant "reason" and also an "account" or a "rational presentation based on reason," and hence, in addition, it had the implication of representing the rational principle in the universe. Heraclitus says: 42 Quoted in Barnes, Early Greek Philosophy, p. 104. 43 Ibid., pp. 122f. 44 Ibid., p. 107. 45 CW 5. Page 34
contradicted the prevalent theory of morphogenetic development. If the fertilized ovum is divided at the stage of the first two or four blastomeres, then two or four complete organisms, though smaller in size than a normal size sea urchin, can be reared from those divided cells. . . . The conclusions he drew as a result of his experimental work led him far from the laboratory, into the field of philosophy where he finally made his career. [He took] a professorship at Heidelberg in [philosophy.
is inert in itself, requiring some dynamic from outside itself to move it along. Form supplies that dynamic. Where form and matter come into contact motion always arises, and the ultimate cause of this motion can only lie in something which is itself unmoved. That is Aristotle's position. Psychologically, the moved corresponds to the ego, and what one sees doing the moving is what we call emotion, the carrier of libido. The source of that emotion, to the extent that one finds it unmoved, would
effect of the theater and how it can bring into awareness the archetypal dimension of the psyche is a subject still awaiting psychological exploration. 107Poetics, 1449b., quoted in Bambrough, The Philosophy of Aristotle, p. 416. 108 CW 5, par. 48. Page 75 9 Zeno of Citium Zeno of Citium (not to be confused with Zeno of Elea) is the father of the famous school of Stoicism, which was named after the stoa, the porch on which the discourse was initially held. He is the first of a trio of Stoics:
extensive writings indicate the power of profound introversion, but he was also actively engaged in political affairs. Late in his life, for instance, he headed a Jewish delegation to the Emperor Caligula in Rome to protest persecution of the Jewish community of Alexandria. Philo makes some very revealing comments about himself in one of his treatises, suggesting that he was essentially a modern man: There was once a time when by devoting myself to philosophy and to contemplation of the world and