Time in Ancient Greek Literature

Time in Ancient Greek Literature

Language: English

Pages: 557

ISBN: 2:00318802

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This is the second volume of a new narratological history of Ancient Greek lietrature, which deals with aspects of time: the order in which events are narrated, the amount of time devoted to the naration, and the number of times they are presented.

The Development of Greek Biography (Expanded Edition)












Introduction. Time awareness Is time important in Homer? Some fifty years ago Hermann Fränkel gave a negative answer in a celebrated article on the conception of time in archaic Greek literature: In general, the concept of time is hardly developed in Homer. The narrative drifts by in calm, continuous journeys. It is surrounded by the fields of time, which are monotonous, indifferent, and without substance, as when a column marches through a broad, open steppe without any roads. Together with the

making his characters look backward and forward.32 Most of the internal actorial prolepses take the form of plans and fearful or optimistic expectations; for example, (Achilles to Hector in Iliad 22.270–272) ‘But I tell you there is no escape for you any longer, but soon Pallas Athena will beat you down under my spear’, or (Odysseus to Calypso in Odyssey 5.221–222) ‘And if some god batters me far out on the wine-blue water, I will endure it, keeping a stubborn spirit inside me’. These abound

d¯omat" ekhontes (128) need not point to the Olympian gods (i.e. Zeus’ generation) but can designate the Titans in Hesiod (M.L. West 1978: ad 110). 42 43 r. nünlist – hesiod 51 is destroyed by Zeus (138), who creates the Bronze race (143–144). He also creates (158) the Demi-Gods (h¯emitheoi) or Heroes, who are identified with Oedipus and his children and with Helen and the armies at Troy. Needless to say, these ‘dates’ remain rather vague, and so does the time span covered by the story.46 The

between external analepses and the rest of the narrative. Some are argumentative and marked by an overt narratorial presence, by arguments from probability, and by the citation of evidence such as inscriptions (e.g. the Archaeology; 2.15, an account of the settle- 142 part two – chapter eight ment history of Attica and Theseus’ synoecism; 2.29, where Thucydides is sceptical about a link between Teres and the Thracian ruler Tereus; 6.55, on Hippias as the eldest son of Peisistratus). Other

breadth. From there he progresses one stage, five parasangs, to the river Pyramus, which was a stade in breadth. From there he progresses two stages, fifteen parasangs, to Issi, the last city of Cilicia, settled on the sea, large and prosperous. There they remained three days. (An. 1.4.1) This type of narration, with its regular use of the stage or parasang formula, resembles what Genette classifies as ‘narrating n times what happened n times’—for example, ‘Monday I went to bed early, Tuesday I

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